High-protein diets that restrict the intake of carbohydrates have been fairly popular in the past for losing weight. A high protein diet not only relies on red meat and other protein supplements, it also restricts other important food groups. Even though this may lead to considerable weight loss, there are some harmful effects of protein diets that have been observed due to inadequate quantities of minerals, phytonutrients, vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants that our body requires.
Without doubt, protein is important for building and sustaining lean muscle mass. It also helps boost the wear and tear of muscles during exercise.
However, a balanced intake of fats and carbs will be more beneficial for our body. When we add all essential food groups in our diet, the risk of high cholesterol, heart diseases and stroke will dramatically decrease.
Harmful Effects of a Protein Diet
As a high protein diet includes no grains or vegetables, our body gets deprived of crucial nutrients and fiber. Other noteworthy harms of a protein diet include kidney diseases and weak bones. As this diet stresses kidneys to get rid of urea, a by-product of protein synthesis, kidney damage is likely to occur. Moreover, when the body is under ketosis, an increased excretion of calcium may lead to the formation of kidney stones.
This diet should not be considered an alternative to a comprehensive meal plan for losing weight. Even though it is crucial to include protein in our everyday diet, it should not be considered a substitute for all food items, such as vegetables and minerals. For this reason, a high protein diet has been reported to cause more harm than good.
An often cited side effect of a protein diet is an enhanced risk of diabetes. As your body is compelled to burn off protein and fat to get energy, ketones accumulate. We are equipped with an internal mechanism to regulate ketones. However, if this happens due to lack of insulin, there is a possibility that a person falls into a diabetic coma.
Who Should Follow a High Protein Diet?
To make the most of a protein diet, it is important to reflect on your fitness pattern, medical history and life goals. A high protein diet is not at all ideal for people who have diabetes, kidney complications and hypertension. As with all other diets, a high protein diet should be followed under the supervision of a fitness instructor or a nutritionist.
Moreover, a high protein diet must be complemented with a high energy workout. Bodybuilders and athletes are more likely to use this diet for increasing their muscle mass. Always remember that if followed for a longer period of time and without supervision, this diet can have harmful effects on your body.